|wikipedia.org, opgeslagen 12-09-2014.
In rhetoric, emotive or emotional conjugation mimics the form of a grammatical
conjugation of an irregular verb to illustrate humans' tendency to describe
their own behavior more charitably than the behavior of others. It is often
called the Russell conjugation in honour of philosopher Bertrand Russell who
expounded the concept in 1948 on the BBC Radio programme The Brains Trust,
citing the examples:
||I am firm, You are obstinate, He is a pig-headed fool.
I am righteously indignant, you are annoyed, he is making a fuss over
I have reconsidered the matter, you have changed your mind, he has gone
back on his word.
Used seriously, such loaded language can lend false support to an argument
by obscuring a fallacy of meaning. The inherent incongruity also lends itself to
humor, as employed by Bernard Woolley in the BBC television series Yes,
Minister and Yes, Prime Minister:
||It's one of those irregular verbs, isn't it?
I have an independent mind, You are eccentric, He is round the twist.
That's another of those irregular verbs, isn't it?
I give confidential press briefings; you leak; he's being charged under
section 2A of the Official Secrets Act.
1.Jump up ^ Ralph Henry Johnson, J. Anthony Blair (2006). Logical self-defense.
p. 160 "The Freeloading Term". ISBN 978-1-932716-18-4.
2.Jump up ^ Robert Audi, ed. (1999). Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy (2nd ed.).
Cambridge University Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-0-521-63136-5.
3.^ Jump up to: a b Douglas N. Walton (2006). Fundamentals of critical
argumentation. Cambridge University Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-521-82319-7.
4.Jump up ^ Antony J. Chapman, Hugh C. Foot (1996). Humor and laughter: theory,
research, and applications. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-56000-837-8.
5.Jump up ^ Jonathan Lynn, Antony Jay (1984). The Complete Yes Minister. BBC
Books. ISBN 0-563-20665-9.
6.^ Jump up to: a b Yes, Prime Minister: The Bishop's Gambit
7.Jump up ^ Yes, Prime Minister: Man Overboard
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